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台灣進入狂犬病警戒

星期日 七月 28, 2013

24991813 - 複製

Taiwan on Alert for Rabies

By FunDay
Published July 25, 2013

The fatal disease has resurfaced in Taiwan for the first time in fifty years.
Rabies, a viral disease transmitted through the bite of an infected animal, has recently been confirmed by the Council of Agriculture in three wild Formosan ferret-badgers. The disease is believed to have been spread by animals smuggled into the country and then released into the wild.
In the wake of the rabies outbreak, the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine is urging the public to vaccinate their pets. People who have been bitten or scratched by wild animals are advised to seek immediate medical attention. According to the bureau’s director, Chang Su-san, the bureau has prepared 100,000 doses of anti-rabies vaccines for animals and will import 80,000 next month. Veterinary medicine suppliers also have 230,000 doses in stock and will import more.
Meanwhile, border controls will be tightened to prevent the smuggling of animals into Taiwan and emergency inoculation measures of domestic animals in mountainous areas will be implemented as well.
台灣進入狂犬病警戒
這致命的疾病50年來第一次於台灣再度浮現。
狂犬病是種病毒疾病,傳染途徑為被受感染的動物咬傷,最近經農委會證實三隻野生台灣鼬獾罹患狂犬病。該疾病據信是經由走私到國內的動物遭野放後散播。
因爆發狂犬病之後,動植物防疫檢疫局敦促民眾替寵物注射疫苗。建議被野生動物咬或抓傷的人們即刻尋求醫療協助。根據檢疫局局長張淑賢所言,檢疫局準備了十萬劑抗狂犬病的疫苗給動物,下個月將再進口八萬劑。獸醫藥物供應商也有23萬劑的庫存,並將進口更多。
在此同時,邊境控制將會更加嚴格,以避免動物走私進台灣,並且也將實施國內山區動物緊急接種的措施。

WORD STOCK
1. rabies (n) an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals (usually transmitted by the bite of a rabid animal); rabies is fatal if the virus reaches the brain 狂犬病
2. resurface (v) to come to the surface again 再次浮現
3. transmit (v) to cause to spread; pass on 傳染;傳送
4. ferret-badger (n) small ferret-like badger of southeast Asia 鼬獾
5. smuggle (v) import or export without paying customs duties 走私
6. vaccinate (v) to perform or practice vaccination 施打疫苗
7. dose (n) a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time 劑量
8. veterinary (adj) of or relating to veterinarians or veterinary medicine 獸醫的;獸醫學的
9. border control (n ph) the control of the flow of many people, animals and goods across a border may be controlled by government Customs services 邊境控管
10. tighten (v) to make or become tight or tighter 加緊;加強
11. inoculation (n) taking a vaccine as a precaution against contracting a disease 預防接種
12. domestic animal (n ph) a tame animal kept by humans for work or food or as a pet 家禽;家畜
13. implement (v) to fulfill; carry out 實施;施行

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